Different types of emotions categorize what a person feels. Sometimes these emotions shift from one type to another, leading a person to confusion. However, these different emotions aren't really there to confuse. They are just too diverse and spontaneous.
There are basically five types of emotions: sensations, reflexes, conceptions, voluntary expressions and involuntary expressions. Among these, only voluntary expressions are not biological adaptations (or those emotions that care transmitted throughout the body, triggered by neurons and other sensory nerves). Voluntary expressions are triggered and shaped by cultural constructs, and depend on ones interaction with another.
Conceptions are perceived and direct your behavior to a certain response. For example, heartbreak and jealousy direct you to feeling upset and the desire to get away, or drink beer. Criminal guilt, on the other hand, moves a person to confess his crimes. These are triggered by conclusions that are sometimes conclusive or non-conclusive. A person may feel jealous when there really is nothing to be jealous about.
In contrast, sensations are triggered by stimuli. You can see, taste or feel them. Sexual pleasure and lust are sensations and can also direct your behavior negatively or positively. A person driven by lust may have sexual intercourse with someone, or he may pleasure himself, just to satisfy his craving and feel the sensations again.
Reflexes, on the other hand, are too fast for you to handle. They can range from fear to excitement. They happen almost instantaneously that you wouldn't even think about the action first. Suppose you see a dead body on the street, the scene will trigger fear or horror because it is not every day that you see a corpse lying in the street. Your fear will make you respond immediately to avoid threats, or help the person. In fact, fear comes from your instinct to protect yourself. You ask for help out of the fear that the person who did the crime is still on the loose. Your stance becomes defensive.
Involuntary expressions are triggered by the stimuli, conceptions and reflexes. You can easily see them through your facial expressions. Prolonged smiling, for example, happens when you are forced to show that you are happy. It may be triggered by a conception, such as envy, or a reflex such as fear. Voluntary expressions, on the other hand, depend on how you respond to a situation. If you are angry, you can respond in a number of ways -- by shouting, crying, escaping or throwing things around. More information you can read in this book about emotions https://www.amazon.com/Self-Esteem-maintaining-self-esteem-self-confidence-transformation-ebook/dp/B004HB1VWY/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&qid=1466693198&sr=8-1&keywords=B004HB1VWY&linkCode=ll1&tag=self-help03-20&linkId=3ecc7a57368b720d49169c5c2ee9d723
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